The week ♡

Greetings to all my fellow bloggers and followers!! This is gonna be my 100th post! Yay!

Sorry for being absent for so long! I’ll explain that!!image

This week was the Dusshera week in India ! It’s Durga Pujo for my fellow bengali’s, navratra for other Hindus and plain dusshera for Punjabi’s. It is a festival that symbolises the victory of goodness over evil! It has a number of stories relating to the Hindu Mythology – one of them being the defeat of Ravana by our Lord Ram. (I’ll get back to that later!)

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So, this is THE MAIN FESTIVAL in our com munity and seriously, this is the week that goes off in a blur of motion!!

A very happy dusshera to all 🙂

The second thing I’d like to talk about is …. Vaibhav Mukim – an excellent author – and his lastest book  GUNSHOT VICTIMS UNITS.

I was sooo lucky to recieve a free signed copy of this awesome book!

No, I won’t reveal the story but you’ve gotta read it on your own! It’s thought provoking, the action is breathtaking that flips the page on it’s own 😀image

Sorry to be brief but I’d elaborate on each and every part of this post later!

Love ya all ❤

Stay Connected !

Teaching Students with Disabilities – Accommodating Students with Dyslexia

Dyslexia, according to the dictionary, is a general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence. Teaching students with dyslexia can be a challenging task, but not impossible.

Here are some pointers to help you with the education of these children of god!

The following will help you with engaging the students’ interest in the topic.

  • Maintaining a daily routine helps students who have a problem learning things.
  • Providing graphic organizers like outline charts or blank webs to be filled in during presentations can help students co relate between topics and concepts.
  • New or complicated information can be relayed in small steps that enable effective absorption of knowledge.
  • Along with verbal information, if teachers use handouts or other visuals, it becomes easy for students to understand material.
  • The teacher can write vocabulary words or pointers on the chalk board or overhead prior to the presentation. This will be effective later on when the students will co relate chains
  • A balance between large groups and small groups and amongst oral and visual perception should be maintained at all times.
  • A daily revision of previously learned lessons help students connect effectively to things taught anew. This practice should be emphasized.
  • It is very helpful to encourage students to repeat instructions in their own words to help them understand them.

Dyslexia students have various kinds of problems. For instance, some may have problem in oral presentation, some may have trouble spelling words correctly, and some may be unable to write letters or numbers, some may not be comfortable in group discussions and some may be unable to speak or visualize at a fast pace. Apart from this, teachers need to keep in mind that every student is different and has a different speed of assessing and understanding things. The following will be helpful in improving students’ response:

  • Some students may be able to answer in multiple choice selection or underlining methods as opposed to writing. Students who have problem writing their answers can be provided slates or individual chalk boards or they could be provided with extra writing space in papers.1100_9_things_you_shouldnt_say_to_your_child
  • Students can maintain an assignment diary or a calendar to note down deadlines, test dates, and other important things. They may even note done home assignments in them to keep track.
  • It is encouraged to give handouts or copies to dyslexia students rather than allowing them to copy wherever possible.
  • Students may have problem in maintain columns while performing mathematical operations. To solve this, they should be encouraged to turn the single lined notebooks vertically. It is certainly helpful!
  • To help students manage time effectively during exams, implication signs can be used to highlight important questions and matter.
  • Teacher can design worksheets starting with easy problems to tough ones. Success in the beginning motivates students.
  • Number lines, calculators, etc are helpful for students once they understand the mathematical operations so their use should be allowed.
  • Display of completed sample assignments help students to understand what is expected of them, thus drawing satisfactory results.
  • Pairing up peers is very helpful. Peers with different abilities may be paired to help during exams, laboratory work, etc. For instance, a peer can be assigned to read out mathematical problems to peers who have issues with reading.
  • Students who have issues regarding completing deadlines due to their slow writing speed or other such disabilities should be given extra time to turn in their work.

Hopefully the above mentioned points were helpful enough!

Learning Grammar – What Is an Antecedent?

To begin with, an antecedent is a word or phrase that a pronoun refers to.

‘Ante’ is a prefix that means going before other things, for instance, ‘ante mortem’ means before death. This implies, ‘antecedent’ come before something, but what? Well, antecedents appear before the pronouns that refer to them. For better understanding, let’s take a look at a sentence.

If pastries are available, be sure to order it.

In the sentence above, ‘it’ refers to ‘pastries’, i.e. the pronoun refers to a noun. So here, ‘pastries’ is the antecedent that the pronoun ‘it’ refers to.

So hereby it is clear that antecedents will always appear before the pronoun. But then there are sentences like ‘when you see him, please tell David that I’ll be late’. What to make of these? As a writer, you should be careful of your usage of pronouns. Using ‘him’ before the antecedent ‘professor’ will cause the readers to be in the dark about who ‘him’ refers to until the second half of the sentence. This is highly undesirable as it makes the reading experience dull and complex.

In the sentence, ‘Breath in through your nose, hold it for a second, then breath out through your mouth’, the audience understands that they have to breathe through their nose, then hold their nose, and finally breathe out – which no doubt is ridiculously crazy! This happens because ‘it’ refers to nose as it is the nearest noun. This confusion may change meanings and turn your nose down. So you must be careful in the usage and avoid misplacement or faraway placement of pronouns and antecedents.

Now have a look at this outrageous sentence, ‘The cake consisted of cranberries, strawberries, kiwis, blueberries and a cherry on top. It was white in color.’ Now that is a ridiculous cherry, white in color! This one is a case of ambiguous antecedents. Here, the readers would naturally pair ‘it’ with the nearest noun ‘cherry’. To avoid this, the sentence can be combined as in ‘The cake, white in color, consisted of cranberries, kiwis, blueberries and a cherry on top.’ Easy and clear!  O one needs to avoid the use of ambiguous antecedents!

Examples of Antecedents

Nina called to say that she will arrive at eight.
Antecedent: Nina
Pronoun: she

The boy who lives next door found his bicycle.
Antecedent: boy
Pronoun: his

The girl who sang the song is tired.
Antecedent: girl
Pronoun
: who

Learning English Basic Grammar – what Is Grammar?

Expressing ourselves effectively to the second person is the key to successful communication. Whether it’s verbal or written, in French or English, it is very important to follow the set of rules pertaining to the particular language. One must be aware of the syntax of the language get one’s thoughts across effectively and efficiently and grammar is exactly what is meant for this purpose!

Echoing David Crystal, “Grammar is the structural foundation of our ability to express ourselves. The more we are aware of how it works, the more we can monitor the meaning and effectiveness of the way we and others use language. It can help foster precision, detect ambiguity, and exploit the richness of expression available in English. And it can help everyone–not only teachers of English, but teachers of anything, for all teaching is ultimately a matter of getting to grips with meaning.”

Grammar in olden days was a glamorous subject or so is pertained by the fact that people in Scotland pronounced grammar like ‘glamour’ and associated it with enchantments and wonderful magic. Though, today the situation is such that grammar is a phobia for many students and not at all glamorous for anyone whatsoever.

Types of grammar

Grammar is divided into two broad categories for better usage: Descriptive and Prescriptive grammar.

Descriptive grammar is the actual study and understanding of a subject and is the way it is spoken and written.

Prescriptive grammar is a set of rules as aids of learning that language and refers to the language as certain people think it should be.

This was just the beginning. Furthermore, grammar has ten types.

Comparative grammar: This refers to the study and comparison of structures of linked languages. As R. Freidin puts it as, “a faculty of language that provides an explanatory basis for how a human being can acquire a first language . . . In this way, the theory of grammar is a theory of human language and hence establishes the relationship among all languages”.

Generative Grammar: This refers to the set of rules that the speaker accepts as belonging to the language originally. In other words, it is the speaker’s inbuilt or rather subconscious ability of producing utterances in a particular language using pre requisite knowledge.

Mental Grammar: This kind of grammar is right there in the brain and persists within all humans. It is the generative grammar that helps formulate sentences that makes sense and carries your thoughts and ideas to other human beings.

Pedagogical Grammar: These are the set of rules designed for students who have the language as their second language, if you get what I mean. As D. Little said about perspectives of this, “Pedagogical grammar is a slippery concept. The term is commonly used to denote (1) pedagogical process–the explicit treatment of elements of the target language systems as (part of) language teaching methodology; (2) pedagogical content–reference sources of one kind or another that present information about the target language system; and (3) combinations of process and content.”

Performance Grammar: This is a description of the set of rules of English in a way that is used by dialogue speakers. This deals with the production of the language. The beauty or sharpness of the language is altered properly if you refer to this syntax.

Reference Grammar: This gives explanations and directions about construction of words, sentences, phrases, clauses, etc. How they are formed and their types are included. Modern reference Grammar books include A comprehensive grammar of the English language by Randolph Quirk.

Theoretical Grammar: This is the study of the vital aspects of any language spoken by humans. This is concerned with clearing the rules of the language and displaying them to all.

Traditional Grammar: This is a kind of perceptual language. It creates distinction between what people are doing with the language and what they should be doing instead. It models historically pure grammar.

Transformational Grammar: This kind of grammar can be referred to as a set of unwritten laws or something alike. These are not pre defined rules but something that are kept in mind while interpreting.

Universal Grammar: This initially organizes the state f mind of the language learner, i.e. organizes human faculty.

Dream – Be the Dreamer of YOUR dream! Let your kid live His/ Her life!

As seen nowadays, from childhood, a child is laden with dreams that are not his own but those of his parents. At every turning point, at every fork of life, he is dragged by his parents. He is led away from his talents and hobbies and told to study. At those moments, parents don’t realize that they are dragging their child away from what he is good at to something that probably is not in his capability. They don’t realize that the child feels enclosed and caged in a world that’s not his at all but the parents’. And that’s the starting point when stress starts building up in a child. A will to fly in the open skies, when suppressed frustrates him!

And when that same child reaches his teenage, he gets unruly. Just like when a caged animal is freed, he goes out of control taking undue advantage of the bit of freedom he gets. And then those parents complain that their teen is rowdy and juvenile. But you tell me now, is it right to expect a child to follow your dreams or to kill his own desires? If a child is good at painting and you force him to be a CA, what else do you expect from him but that he’d paint on his documents instead of calculating and then get kicked out of his job! Duh!cropped-download1.jpg

Parents will have to realize that by dumping the goals they’ve never achieved on their children they are spoiling their lives and are inviting delinquency in their kids, and as the saying goes, a balanced sustenance reaps the pink fruit.

So before forcing your kid to study study and study or compeling them to go in for science stream wait for a second and think if you’re actually showing him the right path or pushing him in for depression! Just befriend your kid from babyhood and instead of obliging him, discuss matters with him and mark my words- a guide is more helpful as compared to a map! So be his guide and not just a bossy old chap ordering away without troubling ‘bout his feelings.596879-6724-23

Bio Intensive Gardening – Understanding French Intensive Gardening

Call it French Intensive Gardening, biodynamic agriculture, the Marais system, or square foot gardening, this French system of gardening aims at giving the highest possible yields in the least possible space.

Before you read further, you must keep one thing in mind: this is not for hobbyists. You need to put in some real hard work and be serious about your work. It requires thorough planning and a great deal of additional research.

Basically, this kind of gardening requires raised beds that are about 6 feet wide and 12 feet long with 3 foot paths between the beds. Low mound in shape, these beds are light and fluffy with maximum humus content to the depth of two feet to encourage root growth. Raised beds have a number of advantages ranging from providing for you to work from all sides without having to step over to reducing soil compaction which allows the roots to be oxygenated. Before creating the bed, one should double dig the frame of their garden using a Rototiller, to provide a cushion of soil.

Then comes the compost part, you’ve got to create this in a separate bed using chopped yard debris, grass clippings, and kitchen scraps. Work your soil with such organic stuff to increase productivity.

Now comes setting up your raised bed – which is not at all fun, let me warn you. Traditionally, you’ve got to dig out a row on the long axis of the bed with a shovel, use a gardener’s fork to break the clods, add humus. This is repeated backwards to let the soil mix completely. Heavy clay clods could be improved by adding saw dust or sand, but do not, whatsoever, add beach sand or river sand. Stick to Mason’s sand which has sharp edges that are actually helpful. But this also uses up nitrogen, so you need to add a cup of ammonium nitrate per ten feet of row.

Once established, managing these beds are easier comparatively. Proper sunlight and 1 inch of irrigation water per week.

Capillary action is one of the least understood factors in this kind of gardening. Most of us are aware that compressed earth has better capillary action as compared to undisturbed soil and so it is not advisable to walk on the garden soil in ‘normal’ gardens as it may cause the growth of weeds. But again, compression to a certain level is required to allow root growth and water absorption and so in ‘normal’ gardens, two inch wide weighted wheel on an axis is rolled easily. In French intensive gardening, the compression around the seed can be done using a water glass or a likewise 2 inch round ball.

Methods of French Intensive Gardening

Catch cropping: Instead of leaving previously harvested spot idle, fast crops like lettuce or radish can be grown.

Inter – cropping:  A fast maturing crop can be planted between slow maturing crops. For example, onions can be planted along cabbages.

Succession planting: Plant a row of a quick maturing plant within a period of few weeks. Like plant a row of lettuce, then leave some space around that can be used later and plant another row. The next week use the space you had left earlier. This way you’ll have a constant of vegetables throughout the season.

Relay planting: Here, a completely different crop is planted where a plant is about to mature.

Wide row planting: It is of a similar nature to inter cropping. Here, planting in groups or rows of about 1 – 4 feet wide are done. Though this reduces path sizes, it facilitates for economic use of fertilizers and water.

The next thing you should do is, study about companion planting. Some plants go along with the others better. For example, legumes like beans have nitrogen fixation bacteria which provide for nitrogen and thus can be planted along potatoes and pumpkins.

Planning is a necessary step in this kind of gardening. You need to do your part of research and schedule what you are going to do.

Undoubtedly, French intensive gardening is a physically exhausting process but your hard work will reflect in the radiant harvest you’ll yield in the end!

A short wishlist : By her To him

This piece of fiction has no significance as such.
It is the feelings of a girl who wants to hold on but has to let go of her love…


A short wishlist !
I wish you don’t forget me. I wish you remember those sweet memories we made and those stupid fights we had. I  wish you remember the cute meals we’d had together and sweet situations we’d experienced together.  You’re fatherly scolding to study and my teacherly scolding to eat properly . You’re protectiveness and my jealousy. Hope you remember them.
I wish you keep my gifts safe so that years later when you’re old n married you can boast that you had a girlfriend once who was not really hot but cared.
I wish you never forget wat I did was true love and that even when we’re 50 yrs old I’d be sitting alone in the verandah of my house drinking coffee from the mug u gave.
I wish you remember that even today I find you to be the most attractive guy in the world . You are charming :* .
I wish that you forgive my mistakes. M too immature I know. But you ain’t.
I wish that one day you be as famous as bill gates and then I get a chance to work for you. Don’t worry I won’t let u recognise me or interfere in your life.
I wish you live happily no matter where you are  because even today your pain is mine.
No I don’t love you. I don’t care for you. But there are lingering feelings in my heart that keep me from hating you.
I remember once you said that if we broke up..you’d keep buying gifts for my birthday n on my marriage you’ll post them with intrest. But lemme tell u u won’t be able to do that …coz i’d never get married.
I wish that if someone says my name you smile n say I miss her. No I don’t want any importance …just a small place in your heart.
I wish you are always safe and successful.  Keep smiling.
As a best frnd …A girl comes n goes like the new moon…so don’t fret or cry over it. Heart breaks are a part of life. Every night there’s one but the next morning is new!  So watever happens…remember that life goes on 😚 yolo!