A teacher is said to have the most important job in the society; the job to shape and mold the future of the society – the children! Therefore, teachers need to focus on their job and turn up with best results.
Educating the children isn’t just about dumping loads of knowledge on them and pressurizing them to memorize the data but it is about actually teaching the children new stuff and making them learn the value of the material being taught to them. The children need to develop an understanding of the subject. And teachers are their guides on this track of life.
For this, there are many effective techniques and methods evaluated over the years. We’ll discuss the specific teaching methods here in this article.
Questioning: Asking questions and testing is undoubtedly the most effective and common way of teaching today. It enables the teacher to assess how much knowledge a student actually has about the subject and how much more needs t be imparted. When questions are asked related to everyday life, it makes the topic much more interesting. It is also responsible for making the class, somewhere or the other, more competitive in nature.
For example, if you’re teaching kids about polynomials, you can start by asking them how much they actually know about algebra or what are algebraic expressions.
Here, even the child is allowed to ask questions to the teacher. This lets the teacher know about the way of thinking of the student and the state of openness of his mind.
Explaining: Sometimes teachers go by introducing the topic and giving a proper summary on it. They share experiences and explain various factors of day to day life in a conversation form. If you are opting for this method, you need to make notes and make sure that your matter is related only to that particular age group. This method demands you to provide the class with examples on every subject or topic you discuss. It is a lively and traditional way of teaching.
For example, when teaching about various life processes, you can start by telling them what life processes are and then giving a short insight on how each one of them individually help the body function.
Modeling: Observing, retaining and replicating – these are the basis of this technique known as modeling or reinforced behavior. As we all know, visuals enable the human brain to retain information much more effectively and for a longer period of time, this proves to be an effective method. Here, various kinds of visuals and ‘models’ are used to demonstrate subjects and differences. It is generally accompanied by explanation.
For instance, if you are explaining closed and open circuit, you can ask the students to make a circuit model complete with a switch and ask them to observe how it works when the path is broken or complete.
It is also observed that students when taught using globes grasp much more than when taught using maps. A model of the earth helps students relate to real life positions and situation much better.
This is an especially effective medium in consideration to children as it prevents the things from going too dry.
Demonstrating: Demonstrating the subject is a step-by-step tutorial and very effective in clearing the concepts of the students. It develops an understanding of the process that is being taught right from the beginning till the end. Aids like practical equipments are a must for this technique. This method is not as effective for small children as it requires them to do first hand experimentation which might be difficult for them. But it is very valuable when dealing with older kids. Smart classes and computerized versions of teaching come under this.
Collaborating: “Collaborating” in modern world refers to team work. Dividing students into teams and giving instructions is beneficial in numerous ways. It makes the students aware of a sense of responsibility and team work. This direct instruction technique gives the students a stage to display their leadership qualities and their mental development level. They strive and come out with information helpful to obtain results. It is also a practice for dealing real life situations and overcoming petty distress. This technique spurts essential maturity development of the brain.
Reviewing: Reviewing or revising the material over and over with the class is always a good idea. This can be done in many ways. You can simply rehearse the material with the class. This can help you to tech forgotten material to the class and also clear doubts within the students.
You can elaborate topics while you are at it. For instance, you can ask the student to increase an answer of 20 words to that of 70 words by putting in their understanding and knowledge. This way you’ll get to know what exactly the child has grasped and how exactly he thinks about the phenomenon. You can even ask the students to do small projects on the things taught; like they could prepare charts, etc. Then it can even be used to ask children to merge previously learned information with the latest one and form suppositions. These pre – suppositions may or may not be correct, it’s your duty to correct them.
There are many more new techniques that have taken the place of old world, traditional ways. Role-play, field trips, computers, brainstorming, case studies are slowly emerging too. They are simple to follow and provide efficient results.
No matter what your technique is, remember writing lesson plans and preparing yourself before facing the children. While opting for a teaching method, keep in mind the age group you are dealing with and the topic.
All in all, don’t forget to be comfortable yourself with the topic. Provide the class with a light environment that makes teaching fun and fruitful for both, you and the students. Let the children express their own views. Encourage them to come up with doubts.
And always, always believe in them and I’m sure you’ll excel in your task of educating the children.