Drama is the portrayal of emotions and expressions of a story. Theatrical representation of drama involves the usage of many things and the involvement of many activities. The necessary components common to literally every play or drama are known as elements of drama.
Components like theme, plot, characters, dialog, music, visual element, dramatic conventions and symbols are the elements of drama. Let’s take a detailed look into them.
Theme: The general idea of the play is known as the theme of a play. It usually comes to be known by the end of the play or through dialogues or the title. For example, a play might have “teen pregnancy” as its theme whereas another can have “death”.
Plot: Plot refers to the occurrence of events in a play. The way a story reveals itself plays an important role in the success of a drama. It need not have a linear structure, but it needs to create a thrill or suspense in such a way that the audience could feel the raw emotions in an intense way.
Characters: Behind every drama that came to be remembered in the hearts of people forever are strong individual personalities of the spirits projected. Characters are very important to bring the story to life as they are the biotic elements of the story.
Dialog: Dialogue is the actual content of the drama. It should necessarily be explicit to leave a lasting impact on the audience. It is the medium through which the story is made known to the audience. The dialogue delivery of the actors is a major aspect of the success of the drama.
Music: This is the element that is responsible for providing the drama a medium to flow with; it adds a melody to the composition and is a major component of Operas. It is quiet essential to have a quality music composition or orchestra. Lyricists and music composers work together to produce good songs. Musical effects are also important for scene transition and change of moods.
Visual Elements: As the word suggests, the elements visible are visuals. The aforementioned form the audio element whereas the costumes, actors, scene, backgrounds form the visual elements. The special effects, lightning etc, deepen the appeal making the drama worthy of praise.
Dramatic conventions: These are simply the special effects adding on to visual appeal. Over the years, effects like slow motion, freeze frame, audience addressing, showing multiple scenes at one time, etc have come to be known likeable by the audience.
Symbols: Symbols are the markers of scenes or effects used to strengthen the velocity of feelings. Props, gestures, lightning, setting, etc are symbols. Simple finger on your lip gestures are also symbols.
All these elements when combined in perfect proportions produce a magnificent drama enjoyed by the people. The direction of a play involves the perfection of every element.
Apart from all this a hardworking, passionate crew and a dynamic audience plays a very important role in leading the drama to the top.