Getting your General Education Development Certificate (GED)

GED is a test that results in you acquiring a General Education Development certification. This is a certificate for those who were unable to complete their high school due to some reason but still want to pursue their higher studies. This certification is equal to a high school certificate in value.Retention_Programs_Improve_Graduation_Rates-hero

A high school certificate is a necessity to get a basic job or admission in a college. If you have a specific purpose for getting this certification, make sure the college or company in your mind accepts this in place of a high school certificate. Or else, all your hard work would be down the drain.

To be frank, it is not a very easy task to acquire this certificate. But if you really have the spirit and are willing to do it then you can and will be able to get it! Now about how to get your GED, we’ll have a look into the matter.

Eligibility: if you are a high school dropout you can apply for it. In addition, you have age bars too. But they differ according to the state rules. Some states have it as 18 whereas some as 16, you can inquire about it at the Department of Education of your state.

Preparation: Firstly you need to know what to expect. You are assessed on five main subjects. They are:

  1. Language Arts (Writing): This comprises two parts; English Language and essay writing.
  2. Language Arts (Reading): This comprises five parts; poetry, drama, fiction, non-fiction and work place documents.
  3. Social Science: This consist history, geography, civics and economics.
  4. Science: Physical science, life science and earth and space science are included under this.
  5. Mathematics: here you have to be ready with numeric operations, geometry, statistics and data analysis, and algebra.

There are numerous institutions that provide preparatory classes for GED. Even online courses are available for the benefit of those unable to find proper classes in their vicinity. But while filling up be sure to check if the institution is accredited. There are as many bogus classes out there as there are original. You can even opt for self studies but one has to be really determined before taking up that decision. It is hard to be followed later on. So it is advisable that you take up courses.

No matter what means of preparation, remember to solve ample of sample papers before going in for the real thing. Be thorough with question papers so as to you know what to expect actually!

Marking scheme

Each section contains 800 marks. You must get a minimum f 450 marks in each subject to clear. An average score in GED is 500 points in each subject…that’s a total of 2500 points; before going in for that mindset; find out the minimum requirements of marks in the firm or college you are planning to apply later on.

Centre 

Let me state here clearly: GED tests are not taken online. You have to go in person and give the test. If you find sites acclaiming they provide online GED facilities, their authenticity is questionable. The diploma provided can very well be bogus. So before you sit to fill the entry form for a centre or website, be sure to go through their legitimacy.

Cost

It totally depends on your centre. Some charge no fees at all whereas some charge from USD 50 TO USD 100. These rates are exclusive of the charges incurred during preparations.

It takes you at least six months of preparation. The test is of seven hours and five minutes, all the five subjects included. Some centers hold it in one go whereas some conduct it in several sittings. The arrival of results and the certificate may take a few weeks.

You should keep in mind that you’ll be able to pass only if you yourself have the fortitude and are focused. It is not an easy task. A census proves that only 30% students have been able to clear it in the first attempt.

Just relax, free your mind, strengthen your will and surge in to start preparing. Your career lies in your hands. Go for it and grab your future!

All the best!

Teaching Students with Disabilities – Accommodating Students with Dyslexia

Dyslexia, according to the dictionary, is a general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence. Teaching students with dyslexia can be a challenging task, but not impossible.

Here are some pointers to help you with the education of these children of god!

The following will help you with engaging the students’ interest in the topic.

  • Maintaining a daily routine helps students who have a problem learning things.
  • Providing graphic organizers like outline charts or blank webs to be filled in during presentations can help students co relate between topics and concepts.
  • New or complicated information can be relayed in small steps that enable effective absorption of knowledge.
  • Along with verbal information, if teachers use handouts or other visuals, it becomes easy for students to understand material.
  • The teacher can write vocabulary words or pointers on the chalk board or overhead prior to the presentation. This will be effective later on when the students will co relate chains
  • A balance between large groups and small groups and amongst oral and visual perception should be maintained at all times.
  • A daily revision of previously learned lessons help students connect effectively to things taught anew. This practice should be emphasized.
  • It is very helpful to encourage students to repeat instructions in their own words to help them understand them.

Dyslexia students have various kinds of problems. For instance, some may have problem in oral presentation, some may have trouble spelling words correctly, and some may be unable to write letters or numbers, some may not be comfortable in group discussions and some may be unable to speak or visualize at a fast pace. Apart from this, teachers need to keep in mind that every student is different and has a different speed of assessing and understanding things. The following will be helpful in improving students’ response:

  • Some students may be able to answer in multiple choice selection or underlining methods as opposed to writing. Students who have problem writing their answers can be provided slates or individual chalk boards or they could be provided with extra writing space in papers.1100_9_things_you_shouldnt_say_to_your_child
  • Students can maintain an assignment diary or a calendar to note down deadlines, test dates, and other important things. They may even note done home assignments in them to keep track.
  • It is encouraged to give handouts or copies to dyslexia students rather than allowing them to copy wherever possible.
  • Students may have problem in maintain columns while performing mathematical operations. To solve this, they should be encouraged to turn the single lined notebooks vertically. It is certainly helpful!
  • To help students manage time effectively during exams, implication signs can be used to highlight important questions and matter.
  • Teacher can design worksheets starting with easy problems to tough ones. Success in the beginning motivates students.
  • Number lines, calculators, etc are helpful for students once they understand the mathematical operations so their use should be allowed.
  • Display of completed sample assignments help students to understand what is expected of them, thus drawing satisfactory results.
  • Pairing up peers is very helpful. Peers with different abilities may be paired to help during exams, laboratory work, etc. For instance, a peer can be assigned to read out mathematical problems to peers who have issues with reading.
  • Students who have issues regarding completing deadlines due to their slow writing speed or other such disabilities should be given extra time to turn in their work.

Hopefully the above mentioned points were helpful enough!

Learning Grammar – What Is an Antecedent?

To begin with, an antecedent is a word or phrase that a pronoun refers to.

‘Ante’ is a prefix that means going before other things, for instance, ‘ante mortem’ means before death. This implies, ‘antecedent’ come before something, but what? Well, antecedents appear before the pronouns that refer to them. For better understanding, let’s take a look at a sentence.

If pastries are available, be sure to order it.

In the sentence above, ‘it’ refers to ‘pastries’, i.e. the pronoun refers to a noun. So here, ‘pastries’ is the antecedent that the pronoun ‘it’ refers to.

So hereby it is clear that antecedents will always appear before the pronoun. But then there are sentences like ‘when you see him, please tell David that I’ll be late’. What to make of these? As a writer, you should be careful of your usage of pronouns. Using ‘him’ before the antecedent ‘professor’ will cause the readers to be in the dark about who ‘him’ refers to until the second half of the sentence. This is highly undesirable as it makes the reading experience dull and complex.

In the sentence, ‘Breath in through your nose, hold it for a second, then breath out through your mouth’, the audience understands that they have to breathe through their nose, then hold their nose, and finally breathe out – which no doubt is ridiculously crazy! This happens because ‘it’ refers to nose as it is the nearest noun. This confusion may change meanings and turn your nose down. So you must be careful in the usage and avoid misplacement or faraway placement of pronouns and antecedents.

Now have a look at this outrageous sentence, ‘The cake consisted of cranberries, strawberries, kiwis, blueberries and a cherry on top. It was white in color.’ Now that is a ridiculous cherry, white in color! This one is a case of ambiguous antecedents. Here, the readers would naturally pair ‘it’ with the nearest noun ‘cherry’. To avoid this, the sentence can be combined as in ‘The cake, white in color, consisted of cranberries, kiwis, blueberries and a cherry on top.’ Easy and clear!  O one needs to avoid the use of ambiguous antecedents!

Examples of Antecedents

Nina called to say that she will arrive at eight.
Antecedent: Nina
Pronoun: she

The boy who lives next door found his bicycle.
Antecedent: boy
Pronoun: his

The girl who sang the song is tired.
Antecedent: girl
Pronoun
: who

Learning English Basic Grammar – what Is Grammar?

Expressing ourselves effectively to the second person is the key to successful communication. Whether it’s verbal or written, in French or English, it is very important to follow the set of rules pertaining to the particular language. One must be aware of the syntax of the language get one’s thoughts across effectively and efficiently and grammar is exactly what is meant for this purpose!

Echoing David Crystal, “Grammar is the structural foundation of our ability to express ourselves. The more we are aware of how it works, the more we can monitor the meaning and effectiveness of the way we and others use language. It can help foster precision, detect ambiguity, and exploit the richness of expression available in English. And it can help everyone–not only teachers of English, but teachers of anything, for all teaching is ultimately a matter of getting to grips with meaning.”

Grammar in olden days was a glamorous subject or so is pertained by the fact that people in Scotland pronounced grammar like ‘glamour’ and associated it with enchantments and wonderful magic. Though, today the situation is such that grammar is a phobia for many students and not at all glamorous for anyone whatsoever.

Types of grammar

Grammar is divided into two broad categories for better usage: Descriptive and Prescriptive grammar.

Descriptive grammar is the actual study and understanding of a subject and is the way it is spoken and written.

Prescriptive grammar is a set of rules as aids of learning that language and refers to the language as certain people think it should be.

This was just the beginning. Furthermore, grammar has ten types.

Comparative grammar: This refers to the study and comparison of structures of linked languages. As R. Freidin puts it as, “a faculty of language that provides an explanatory basis for how a human being can acquire a first language . . . In this way, the theory of grammar is a theory of human language and hence establishes the relationship among all languages”.

Generative Grammar: This refers to the set of rules that the speaker accepts as belonging to the language originally. In other words, it is the speaker’s inbuilt or rather subconscious ability of producing utterances in a particular language using pre requisite knowledge.

Mental Grammar: This kind of grammar is right there in the brain and persists within all humans. It is the generative grammar that helps formulate sentences that makes sense and carries your thoughts and ideas to other human beings.

Pedagogical Grammar: These are the set of rules designed for students who have the language as their second language, if you get what I mean. As D. Little said about perspectives of this, “Pedagogical grammar is a slippery concept. The term is commonly used to denote (1) pedagogical process–the explicit treatment of elements of the target language systems as (part of) language teaching methodology; (2) pedagogical content–reference sources of one kind or another that present information about the target language system; and (3) combinations of process and content.”

Performance Grammar: This is a description of the set of rules of English in a way that is used by dialogue speakers. This deals with the production of the language. The beauty or sharpness of the language is altered properly if you refer to this syntax.

Reference Grammar: This gives explanations and directions about construction of words, sentences, phrases, clauses, etc. How they are formed and their types are included. Modern reference Grammar books include A comprehensive grammar of the English language by Randolph Quirk.

Theoretical Grammar: This is the study of the vital aspects of any language spoken by humans. This is concerned with clearing the rules of the language and displaying them to all.

Traditional Grammar: This is a kind of perceptual language. It creates distinction between what people are doing with the language and what they should be doing instead. It models historically pure grammar.

Transformational Grammar: This kind of grammar can be referred to as a set of unwritten laws or something alike. These are not pre defined rules but something that are kept in mind while interpreting.

Universal Grammar: This initially organizes the state f mind of the language learner, i.e. organizes human faculty.

Understanding the Difference between College and University

College and University are taken to be synonyms nowadays. The difference between them is very compact and is not recognized by all. The word, however, like all English words, differ in meaning when the context it’s being used in is changed or the location and situations they are used in are changed. To stand in a better light, we’ll check out the difference between a college and a university and compare the two. Let’s trace out the two words right from the beginning, from their origin to how they’ve come to be used in various countries.

College has a Latin origin, and comes from the word ‘collegium’ meaning a group of people living together for a common purpose.  With time, this word has come to denote educational institutes offering degree level courses. College describes an educational institution offering diplomas and 2 year or four year degree level courses. It is known to be something between schools and universities. In other words, they focus on undergraduate programs. They are smaller than universities and students receive more personal attention.

University, coming from Latin ‘universitas magistrorum et scholarium’ that stands for a group of teachers and students living together in pursuit of knowledge, nowadays stands for higher educational institutions offering a platform to pursue higher educational qualifications and research. Universities offer a broad spectrum of courses belonging to various field and career streams. They offer both undergraduate and graduate degrees. Right from bachelor’s degree to Ph.D.s are covered by some universities. Some universities have divisions like the ‘College of Engineering’ etc. that means some colleges are under larger universities.

This was the basic perception. But all over the globe, various regions refer to colleges and universities in different contexts. Let’s have a look at that.

USA

In the United States of America, colleges and universities are used almost synonymously. There are a few colleges here that offer a wide range of subjects including doctorates. Here the colleges aim to prepare a person for his or her career. Universities here are quite famous all over the world like the Harvard University.

Canada

In Canada, the difference is quiet clear between the two units of education. Colleges, being focused on teaching short vocational courses in particular trades, offer basic degrees in science and arts whereas universities, having a wide range of varieties of subjects, offer the higher education degrees. Colleges are not research directed as opposed to universities. All in all, both are well defined in different words in Canada.

UK and associate commonwealth countries

In United Kingdom and the nations included in the commonwealth league, the difference between the two is very well defined and to the mark. Colleges are affiliated and subsidiary to universities. The courses are provided by the colleges, but the degrees are issued by the university that particular college comes under. University is the commanding body and colleges are the small fishes. So a university would have divisions under it by the name of ‘College of Liberal Arts’ who would teach the course but the degree would be granted by the university. The researches would be, however, directed by universities themselves, which will have its departments on different subjects.

Do comment your views! What about the place you belong to?

Feel free to suggest topics you’d like to see disscussed in future!


All in all, colleges are the centers of learning whereas the universities are more research oriented. If we talk about the stage, universities definitely offer a much more esteemed stage as compared to colleges, but one may argue successfully that a student gets more personal attention in a college rather than a university.

But it all depends on the institution and your power of grasping. Both are the abodes of knowledge after all, right?

How to Choose Right College?

If you’re all set to go in for higher education and boost your career and personality, choosing a college is the foremost step. But it’s not as easy as it may seem. Choosing the right college amongst thousands present in the air can prove to be a challenging job. Even if you do decide on certain options, one never knows if it’ll turn out to be of help or a total disaster. One can’t guarantee you success but if you do take a bit of pains, you would most probably never face a time of regret. So let’s have a look at a few pointers indicating how to choose the right college.

Classify the colleges as good, better, best

So you’ve got the names offering the particular course you want or fulfilling your requirements. Now, divide them into groups of colleges that are the best – he ones that are difficult to get into but provide elite education, better than good – the ones that are not as good as the best colleges but not too bad, and good – colleges that are easy to get into, if you don’t have an option you can easily opt for them. Now try your best to get into those elite colleges, make them your first preference.

Explore the infrastructure

Check out the size of classes, labs and fields. See if the labs are well equipped. Check out on the living facilities – whether students commute or live on the campus. If on the campus, see if it’s suitable because you have to spend four or more years in those surroundings. Make sure the dorms are modernized and if you want an attached bathroom, see if they provide it well before applying for a residential facility. If you are a privacy freak, find out before hand if there are compromises to be made.

Gender problem

Well, many girls are uncomfortable studying in a co-ed atmosphere and similarly many colleges do not accept applications from male students. So it’s advisable that you choose a college according to your comfort zone.

Do not be influenced by age  cropped-cropped-download21.jpg

Remember, it doesn’t matter how old or young a college is, what counts is the quality of education imparted and the reputation of the college. So don’t turn down a college just because it’s young or opt for one just because it’s ancient.

Check on college directories

You may like to know about certain numbers like the population of the college, activities; number of fresher’s recruited each year, etc. For this, the best is college directories like their booklets and websites. They’ll equip you with all the technical information you need, however they won’t provide you with the updates on the college campus and its atmosphere and culture. For that you need to contact people actually living there.

Trust yourself

Sometimes you may get an intuition that a particular college would be best for you. Try it out, explore the college and it may prove to be the best deal. Some students have successfully lived this experience, now your turn to try!

Attend college fairs or talk to representatives and counselors.

Brochures and websites are a good start to know more about the college, but what the final step needs is interaction with real people. Most high schools sponsor college fairs where representatives are present to have a one-on-one with applicants. So don’t be shy and approach them, clear all your doubts and ask everything. If your high school does not organize such fairs, don’t fret, the National Association for College Admission Counseling always holds one around fall. Just go online and get the details required.

Tips for Standup Comedy

To make a soul laugh is a place in heaven secured! As easy as it may seem, it is not so! It is very easy to laugh but make someone laugh? Nada…it needs some talent! And here we are to learn some tricks and foster some tips!ArtofBeingMe-Header21

Let’s start with stand up comedians-what are they? Well they are just comedians performing for a live audience!

If you’re thinking where to begin, let me tell you that you’ve got to begin from the starting! And step one involves observing! Yes, observe top class comedians and try to develop the right attitude. And learn from the criticism encountered by them. That’s the best teacher…criticism! And take it lightly, instead of aggravating you because of criticism, change yourself!

Next comes listening to yourself. Record yourself and listen to it. See how you turn out to be and then apply some self – criticism. As stated before, criticism is the best teacher. You need to study the audience too. So for that look at your gestures, see how fast or slow you go. Check your fluency ad make yourself presentable!

In the process remember to never ever copy! If the audience catches you, your carrier is ruined, mark my words! So be original and creative.

Also pay attention to the ethnicity of the crowd you’ll be addressing, their regional and religious beliefs, etc!

Keep these points in mind while writing your script:

  1. Start with a rough script. Write down the odd or funny events of your life. Or any other instance you find funny, just note it down.
  2. Insert characters in your script if you want. Then go about modifying it. Add jokes and humor quotes as they strike you. Make the script funny but not overly so.
  3. Add some successions and antagonistic ideas. But remember not to hurt anyone’s intentions.
  4. Play your script. See what visually you’ll look like. Take help of props needed. Then correct the script according to your needs.
  5. Then comes the final step, memorizing the script. If you stutter, stammer or forget lines in between, you’ll surely make the audience laugh but not on your jokes rather on yourself!

You can echo some famous quotes like these:

  • Why do people give each other flowers? To celebrate various important occasions they are killing living creatures? Why restrict it to plants, “Sweetheart, let’s make up. Have this deceased squirrel.” – Jerry Seinfeld.
  • A woman’s mind is as complex as the contents of her handbag; even when you get to the bottom of it, there is always something at the bottom to surprise you. –Billy Connolly
  • You know, marriage is making a big comeback. I know personally that in Hollywood people are marrying people they never married before. – Bob Hope
  • Jesus died for our sins. So the least we can do is give him good ones. –The Umbilical Brothers
  • I’d be more likely to pick up the Bible if, as well as the classics, it also contained ‘The Ten Commandments of Avoiding a Full Body Search at Customs’ or ‘The Ten Commandments of the Express Lane at the Supermarket’. –Wil Anderson

So spark up the souls! Make people laugh and do some good deed! These tips are for you to follow, but in the end, your talent plays an important role. As Einstein said, “If you judge a fish on its ability to run or a rabbit on its ability to swim, he’d spent whole of his life believing he’s an idiot”. So if you’re not made of comedy stuff, don’t even try!

Building Family Relations – Top Tips To Win Over Your Beau’s Parents

First impression is the last impression, they say and most probably this is the saying that comes to your mind when you’re meeting your guy’s parents for the first time – or maybe you’re so nervous that nothing comes to your mind! Never mind!

You want to leave a lasting impression on them and want to win over your boy friend’s parents, whereas you don’t want them to think you’re artificial. Well, we’re here to help you with that. Just follow these pointers and I’m sure you’ll have an excellent meeting ahead!

  1. Be courteous, be original: It’s not to be specified that you’ve got to be polite and respectful, but don’t show off. Introduce yourself with a smile and a handshake, address them by using prefixes like Mr. and Mrs., and be ladylike! Keep your show of affections towards your beloved to the minimal level. Be sure you don’t stay late night, if you’re at your guys house offer to wash the dishes and other stuff. Avoid probing into family scenarios and keep your conversations to the surface level – light and friendly.Broken_Heart
  2. Don’t get too congenial: It is probable that you’ll try to or want to get as close to the parental unit as soon as possible. But remember that it takes time for one to gain the others trust, so keep your emotions at bay and don’t throw yourself at them. You need not expect the same treatment they give their son to be directed towards you too, coz after all you’re still a newbie, a third party in the family. Also, you need to find out whether or not they are comfortable with hugs and stuff and if they like being called by their first name or not. The best way to know that is either asking your boy friend himself or waiting for them to hug you first and give you the green light for using first names. But till then, preserve your manners.’
  3. Take your notes beforehand: You need to ask your guy all about his family like what his parents do, where your boy friend grew up, where’s mom’s maiden home, so that you can come up with interesting topics to talk about. Silence would make things awkward during the meeting, and you babbling away about yourself would pull the trigger on vanity. So avoid talking about yourself a lot and focus on them.
  4. Observe: While with the family, sit back and observe them to get an idea of the picture. See how Mom and Dad talk to each other, note if your boy’s their favorite sibling, notice if the family maintains distance with some particular relative. This will tell you volumes about them. Also check if they are interested in what you say or not. If you are at his house, surroundings can tell you loads too.
  5. Dress appropriately: No revealing please, i.e. if you don’t want your boy friend’s parents spreading about that you dress in strips. Avoid wearing too short skirts, low cut tops, low waste jeans, skin tight outfits …you get the picture. Also, if your beau’s parents are believers of beauty in simplicity, there’s no sense in putting on a fashion show with loud makeup and garish clothes. Keep it down a bit, light make up and an attire considered by both you and your guy is the best. If you’re meeting up at his house, a sweater with a skirt minimum an inch or two above your knees with low heels work best. If outside, choose according to the location.

So best of luck girl and have a good time!

Speed Reading Explained – How to Improve Your Reading Speed

Reading is one of the most prominent activities we do daily. You may think you don’t like reading or you are not a reader but just wait a minute and think it over – while reading a newspaper, or going through the contracts you’ve got to sign, or checking your mail, you are actually reading! Reading can also be marked as one of the most important work based skills.

Reading is important but also time consuming. If the speed of reading be increased, one can get that extra time he or she craves for to rest a bit more or complete other tasks.  So improving the reading speed is no doubt advantageous. The average reading speed is noted as 250-300 words per minute (wpm) but it really depends on the material and practice.

It is easier to achieve efficient reading that involves a good speed along with comprehension by breaking the faults in your reading habits.

Regression refers to skipping back to words you’ve read or lines you’ve already gone through. Avoid this as it can subsidize your understanding of the material. To avoid regression, pacers are used.

Sub vocalization is the habit of ‘speaking the word’ in your mind. Sometimes people do it sub consciously. It consumes as much time as you take while talking. By erasing this itself, you can speed your reading by a marvelous speed. To do this, just keep telling yourself that you won’t speak the word in your mind! You just won’t!

Other than these, inefficient eye motion, reading word by word and poor concentration can also be reason to your slow reading.

Now about speeding your reading – it is not a piece of cake to do so if you are a day dreamer. But if you are focused enough, it won’t be too difficult for you.

Regarding the things you’d need to get ready with – a timer, a pacer (i.e. a pen or a bookmark, your finger is enough at times) and a book!

Starting with the activity!study_techniques

  1. Get the average words per line: For this, count the number of words in five lines and divide it by five. The resultant will be your number of words per line on an average.
  2. Mark your timer for one minute and read in your normal comprehensive speed. Do not go faster or slower, just maintain your usual speed.
  3. Once you get the number of lines you read in one minute, multiply it by average words per line obtained in step one. This is your wpm rate
  4. Now use your pen or finger or marker as your tracker and pacer and read the lines in no more than one second. Don’t worry about comprehension; just try to read the line in one second.
  5. Now repeat step 4 but this time try to read a line in half a second. Do this for three whole minutes.

Basically, we take time to read as we don’t fully make use of our perceptual vision. For example, if you focus on the centre of the sheet, you can still make out the margins. When we read left to right, taking in the whole word fully, we also tend to read the margins that have nothing at all written over. This wastes about 30% – 50% of our reading time. To avoid that we’ll go on to our next step.

  1. For the subsequent minute, start reading but this time begin one word in from the first word and end at one word in from the last. Remember to take no more than a second per line. Again, do not worry about comprehension.
  2. For the next minute, begin from two words in from the first to two words in from the last word.
  3. Now begin from three words in from the first till three words in from the last. Carry this on for three minutes keeping half a second for each line.
  4. Now comes the final Here, you read for a minute at your fastest comprehension rate. Multiply the number of lines with the number of words per line obtained in step 1 and lo and behold! You have a new and increased speed of reading…congratulations!

Implications to keep in mind!

  • Practice is the name of the game! You can only perfect and maintain your speed by practicing thoroughly.
  • It is suggested that while going through legal contracts and other such stuff, you go slow and thorough. It is something important that demands hole of your attention.
  • Speed reading is a skill that mostly involves breaking poor reading habits like sub vocalization and regression.
  • Once you are over with the activity, remember that you read to understand and not just for speed!

Hope it helps!